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How poliomyelitis is to be eradicated completely



How poliomyelitis is to be eradicated completely



Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii, i Immunobiologii 2002(2): 107-113



In 1988 the World Health Assembly resolved to eradicate poliomyelitis globally by the year 2000. The work continues. The problem arose how to quit the system of mass immunization with oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) without trouble and to achieve the disappearance of polioviruses worldwide. After the cessation of the OPV use a certain number of vaccine viruses may remain that will circulate among the ever growing number of nonimmune population. Live enterovirus vaccines prepared from nonpathogenic serotypes of ECHO virus are proposed for application to stop the circulation of vaccine poliovirus. These vaccines will make it possible to eliminate the remaining vaccine viruses from circulation and to complete the process of worldwide poliomyelitis eradication.

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