+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

How psychiatrists and judges assess the dangerousness of persons with mental illness: an 'expertise bias"



How psychiatrists and judges assess the dangerousness of persons with mental illness: an 'expertise bias"



Behavioral Sciences and the Law 20(1-2): 19-29



When assessing dangerousness of mentally ill persons with the objective of making a decision on civil commitment, medical and legal experts use information typically belonging to their professional frame of reference. This is investigated in two studies of the commitment decision. It is hypothesized that an 'expertise bias' may explain differences between the medical and the legal expert in defining the dangerousness concept (study 1), and in assessing the seriousness of the danger (study 2). Judges define dangerousness more often as harming others, whereas psychiatrists more often include harm to self in the definition. In assessing the seriousness of the danger, experts tend to be more tolerant with regard to false negatives, as the type of behavior is more familiar to them. The theoretical and practical implications of the results are discussed.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 046280873

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11979489

DOI: 10.1002/bsl.468


Related references

Ethnic and racial differences in perceptions of dangerousness of persons with mental illness. Psychiatric Services 48(10): 1328-1330, 1997

Dangerousness and mental illness. Some observations on the decision to release persons acquitted by reason of insanity. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 131: 404-413, 1960

Dangerousness And Mental Illness Some Observations on the Decision to Release Persons Acquitted by Reason of Insanity. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 131(5): 404-413, 1960

Providing Treatment to Persons with Mental Illness || The Effects of Independent Living on Persons with Chronic Mental Illness: An Assessment of the Section 8 Certificate Program. The Milbank Quarterly 72(1): 171-198, 1994

Development of a scale to assess motivation for competitive employment among persons with severe mental illness. Plos one 13(10): E0204809, 2018

Providing Treatment to Persons with Mental Illness || Fiscal Decentralization of Public Mental Health Care and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Program on Chronic Mental Illness. The Milbank Quarterly 72(1): 81-104, 1994

Dangerousness and mental illness. Health Law in Canada 1(2): 33 39, 1980

Providing Treatment to Persons with Mental Illness || Local Mental Health Authorities and Service System Change: Evidence from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Program on Chronic Mental Illness. The Milbank Quarterly 72(1): 49-80, 1994

Mental illness, dangerousness and protecting society. Psychiatry 8(12): 490-492, 2009

Development of the PICMIN (picture of mental illness in newspapers): instrument to assess mental illness stigma in print media. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 47(7): 1131-1144, 2012

Media depictions of mental illness: an analysis of the use of dangerousness. Australian and new Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 31(3): 375-381, 1997

Law, psychology, and the "new sciences": rethinking mental illness and dangerousness. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 46(1): 6, 2002

Indications for involuntary hospitalization dangerousness or mental illness. Barton, Walter E And Charlotte J Sanborn (Ed ) Law And The Mental Health Professions Friction at The Interface 2nd Annual Continuing Education Program Hanover, N H , Usa, Aug 26-28, 1976 Xviii+330p International Universities Press, Inc: New York, N Y , Usa ISBN 0-8236-2950-3: 297-309, 1978

The Unfit Parent: Six Myths Concerning Dangerousness and Mental Illness. Family Court Review 54(1): 18-28, 2016

Stigma as a barrier to recognizing personal mental illness and seeking help: a prospective study among untreated persons with mental illness. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience 269(4): 469-479, 2019