Hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis: assessment of clinical results and patient benefit for facial nerve palsy following acoustic neuroma excision
Sood, S.; Anthony, R.; Homer, J.J.; Van Hille, P.; Fenwick, J.D.
Clinical Otolaryngology and Allied Sciences 25(3): 219-226
Despite advances in neuro-otological techniques permanent complete facial palsy may still occur in up to 10% of patients undergoing removal of cerebellopontine angle tumours. Hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis is the procedure of choice in our unit for facial reanimation in such patients and below we report the results of hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis performed on 29 patients. Assessment of patient benefit from hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis was obtained using a questionnaire based on the Glasgow Benefit Inventory. The results showed all patients to have an improvement in their House Brackmann grade following hypoglossal-facial anastomosis with 65% achieving grade III or better. Of the 20 patients who completed the questionnaire, 18 showed a positive benefit (median score 59.5, range 40-77). There was a significant correlation (P < 0.045) between the Glasgow benefit inventory score and House Brackmann grade. Outcome was not affected by the time interval between the acoustic neuroma surgery and performing the hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis, sex or length of follow-up. However the Glasgow benefit score was significantly influenced by age (P = 0.023) with younger patients showing more benefit independent of improvement in facial nerve function.