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In vitro interaction of coronaviruses with primate and human brain microvascular endothelial cells

In vitro interaction of coronaviruses with primate and human brain microvascular endothelial cells

Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 380: 79-88

Primary human and primate brain microvascular endothelial cells were tested for permissiveness to coronaviruses JHM and 229E. While sub-genomic viral RNAs could be detected up to 72 hours post-infection, primate cells were abortively infected and neither virus caused cytopathology. Human cells were non-permissive for JHM but permissive for 229E replication; peak production of progeny 229E and observable cytopathic effects occurred approximately 22 and 32 hour post-infection, respectively. Using the criterion of cytopathology induction in infected endothelial cells, 229E was compared to other human RNA and DNA viruses. In addition, virus induced modulation of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) and HLA I was monitored by immunostaining of infected cells.

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Accession: 046362651

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PMID: 8830550

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