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Influence of the laser fluence in infrared matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization with a 2.94 microm Er : YAG laser and a flat-top beam profile



Influence of the laser fluence in infrared matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization with a 2.94 microm Er : YAG laser and a flat-top beam profile



Journal of Mass Spectrometry 35(11): 1320-1328



The dependence of the signal intensity of analyte and matrix ions on laser fluence was investigated for infrared matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (IR-MALDI) mass spectrometry using a flat-top laser beam profile. The beam of an Er : YAG laser (wavelength, 2.94 microm; pulse width, 90 ns) was coupled into a sapphire fiber and the homogeneously illuminated end surface of the fiber imaged on to the sample by a telescope. Three different laser spot sizes of 175, 350 and 700 microm diameter were realized. Threshold fluences of common IR matrices were determined to range from about 1000 to a few thousand J m(-2), depending on the matrix and the size of the irradiated area. In the MALDI-typical fluence range, above the detection threshold ion signals increase strongly with fluence for all matrices, with a dependence similar to that for UV-MALDI. Despite the strongly different absorption coefficients of the tested matrices, varying by more than an order of magnitude at the excitation laser wavelength, threshold fluences for equal spot sizes were found to be comparable within a factor of two. With the additional dependence of fluence on spot size, the deposited energy per volume of matrix at threshold fluence ranged from about 1 kJ mol(-1) for succinic acid to about 100 kJ mol(-1) for glycerol.

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Accession: 046402351

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11114091

DOI: 10.1002/1096-9888(200011)35:11<1320::aid-jms66>3.0.co;2-s


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