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Inhibition of endosome fusion by phospholipase A2 (PLA2) inhibitors points to a role for PLA2 in endocytosis

Inhibition of endosome fusion by phospholipase A2 (PLA2) inhibitors points to a role for PLA2 in endocytosis

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 90(21): 10255

Fusion of intracellular membrane-bound compartments is a common step in the transport of macromolecules along the endocytic and secretory pathways. A large number of factors active in the fusion process or its regulation have been identified; however, the actual sequence of events leading to membrane fusion is still unknown. In this study, we have assessed a possible role for PLA2 in endosome fusion by using an in vitro reconstitution assay and by examining endocytosis in intact cells. Several PLA2 inhibitors blocked endosome fusion in a broken-cell preparation. Inhibition was reversed by addition of arachidonic acid. At the electron microscope level, endosome clusters were observed even in the presence of inhibitors; however, actual fusion between endosomes was largely reduced. Fusion frequency increased upon the addition of arachidonic acid. A membrane-permeable PLA2 inhibitor blocked mixing of ligands internalized sequentially but did not affect internalization. The results indicate that vesicle fusion along the endocytic pathway requires a PLA2 activity. The effect of this activity would be, at least in part, mediated by arachidonic acid release.

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Accession: 046410747

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PMID: 8234286

DOI: 10.1073/pnas.90.21.10255

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