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Inhibitory effects of streptozotocin, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interleukin-1beta on glucokinase activity in pancreatic islets and gene expression of GLUT2 and glucokinase



Inhibitory effects of streptozotocin, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interleukin-1beta on glucokinase activity in pancreatic islets and gene expression of GLUT2 and glucokinase



Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 362(2): 217-224



Treatment of streptozotocin (ST), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) resulted in destroying insulin-secreting beta-cells of pancreatic islets and impairment of islet glucose oxidation and glucose-induced insulin secretion. IL-1beta and TNF-alpha inhibited insulin release and glucose utilization and oxidation. It was shown that the inhibitory effects of ST, IL-1beta, and TNF-alpha were due to impaired glucokinase activity. Glucokinase activity was severely impaired by ST, IL-1beta, and TNF-alpha treatments, as confirmed by assaying enzymes and nucleotides associated with glycolysis and glucose oxidation. On the other hand, nitric oxide was a factor of the deleterious effects of IL-1beta, TNF-alpha, and ST on pancreatic islets. Incubation of mouse pancreatic islets with ST at various concentrations of impairing insulin secretion resulted in generation of nitrite, stimulation of islet guanylyl cyclase and accumulation of cGMP, and inhibition of pancreatic islet mitochondrial aconitase activity to degree similar to those raised by IL-1beta and TNF-alpha. When the effects of IL-1beta and TNF-alpha on the gene expression of pancreatic GLUT2 and glucokinase were examined, the level of GLUT2 and glucokinase mRNA in pancreatic islets was significantly decreased. This suggested that IL-1beta and TNF-alpha downregulate gene expression of GLUT2 and glucokinase in pancreatic beta-cells.

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Accession: 046415095

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9989930

DOI: 10.1006/abbi.1998.1004


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