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Interferon regulatory factor element and interferon regulatory factor 1 in the induction of major histocompatibility complex class I genes in neural cells



Interferon regulatory factor element and interferon regulatory factor 1 in the induction of major histocompatibility complex class I genes in neural cells



Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research 15(9): 799-810



The role of the MHC-IRF-E and interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1) in the regulation of MHC class I genes in astrocytes was analyzed. Transcriptional activation of MHC class I genes after treatment of astrocytes with various inducers occurred over a period of hours and correlated with cell surface expression. Functional analysis of the MHC class I gene promoter region confirmed that induction was controlled by a restricted region of 88 base pairs containing two well-defined inducible enhancers, the MHC-CRE and the MHC-IRF-E. Further analysis showed that potential MHC-CRE enhancer activity was silent. Therefore, the MHC-IRF-E, rather than the MHC-CRE, appeared responsible for enhancement of the MHC class I gene and was supported by three findings: (1) site-directed mutation of the MHC-IRF-E-abrogated induction, (2) promoter constructs containing IRF-Es as the sole enhancers were highly inducible in astrocytes, and (3) the expression of transcription factor IRF-1, which acts through the MHC-IRF-E to induce MHC class I genes, was induced to high levels in parallel with that of MHC class I induction. The induction of the IRF-1 gene correlated with the prior induction of the gamma-activated factor (GAF) or NF-kappa B, depending on the inducer, indicating that both gamma activation sites (GAS) and kappa B sites in the IRF-1 promoter are important.

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Accession: 046435016

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8536108

DOI: 10.1089/jir.1995.15.799


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