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Interferon-gamma, interleukin-18, monokine induced by interferon-gamma and interferon-gamma-inducible protein-10 in histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis

Ohshima, K.; Haraoka, S.; Takahata, Y.; Takada, H.; Tsutiya, K.; Suzuk, K.; Suzumiya, J.; Kikuchi, M.

Leukemia and Lymphoma 43(5): 1115-1120

2002


ISSN/ISBN: 1042-8194
PMID: 12148894
DOI: 10.1080/10428190290021641a
Accession: 046435420

Apoptosis of histiocytes is a characteristic feature of necrotizing lymphadenitis (HNL). Recent studies have indicated that Fas and perforin-based pathways are involved in the apoptotic process of HNL. Elevated levels of serum interferon (IFN)-gamma are reported in HNL. The CXC chemokine interferon-gamma-inducible protein-10 (IP-10) and monokine induced by interferon-gamma (MIG) cause tissue necrosis, and interleukin (IL)-18 induces the expression of IFN-gamma and Fas ligand (FasL) by T and natural killer (NK) cells. This study was designed to determine the expression of IFN-gamma, IL-18, MIG and IP-10 in HNL. Ten cases of HNL were analyzed by using immunohistochemical staining and/or reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). As a control, we included four cases of non-specific lymphadenitis. MIG and IP-10 proteins, which enhance the release of granzyme, showed a similar distribution pattern in viable tissues surrounding dead tissue, mostly within histiocytes, and lymphocytes in HNL. IL-18 was located within histiocytes, especially phagocytic histiocytes, but not within lymphocytes. In addition, IFN-gamma-positive lymphocytes were frequently detected in the surrounding dead tissue, and the lymphocytes in the same area were frequently positive for CXCR3, a specific receptor of MIG and IP-10. In non-specific lymphadenitis, MIG, IP-10 and IL-18 positive cells were detected, but their numbers were relatively small compared with HNL, while IFN-gamma positive cells were rarely encountered. Our findings suggest that the cytokine and chemokine pathways of IFN-gamma, IL-18, MIG and IP-10 play an important role in the pathogenesis of apoptosis associated with HNL.

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