Interferon-inducible protein 10, monokine induced by interferon gamma, and interferon-inducible T-cell alpha chemoattractant are produced by thymic epithelial cells and attract T-cell receptor (TCR) alphabeta+ CD8+ single-positive T cells, TCRgammadelta+ T cells, and natural killer-type cells in human thymus
Romagnani, P.; Annunziato, F.; Lazzeri, E.; Cosmi, L.; Beltrame, C.; Lasagni, L.; Galli, G.; Francalanci, M.; Manetti, R.; Marra, F.; Vanini, V.; Maggi, E.; Romagnani, S.
Blood 97(3): 601-607
ISSN/ISBN: 0006-4971 PMID: 11157474 DOI: 10.1182/blood.v97.3.601
Strong reactivity for interferon-inducible protein 10 (IP-10), monokine induced by interferon gamma (Mig), and interferon-inducible T-cell alpha chemoattractant (I-TAC) was found in epithelial cells mainly localized to the medulla of postnatal human thymus. The CXC chemokine receptor common to the 3 chemokines (CXCR3) was also preferentially expressed in medullary areas of the same thymuses and appeared to be a property of 4 distinct populations: CD3+ T-cell receptor (TCR) alphabeta+ CD8+ single-positive (SP) T cells, TCRgammadelta+ T cells, natural killer (NK)-type cells, and a small subset of CD3+(low) CD4+ CD8+ TCRalphabeta+ double-positive (DP) T cells. IP-10, Mig, and I-TAC showed chemoattractant activity for TCRalphabeta+ CD8+ SP T cells, TCRgammadelta+ T cells, and NK-type cells, suggesting their role in the migration of different subsets of mature thymocytes during human thymus lymphopoiesis.