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Knowledge and awareness about conception and child birth among DWCRA (grass root level) functionaries

Knowledge and awareness about conception and child birth among DWCRA (grass root level) functionaries

Indian Journal of Maternal and Child Health 2(2): 56-57

This study centered on Indian village level functionaries to assess their knowledge about conception, pregnancy, and childbirth. 60 functionaries who were registered from Gurdaspur and Bhatinda for training courses sponsored by UNICEF were enlisted. A test about knowledge in the form of a multiple choice questionnaire was developed and the functionaries were interviewed. 63% of the sample were in the 31-45 age group, and 50% of the group had up to a high school education. 58% of the functionaries lacked knowledge about conception: 32.19% said that one sperm and one egg were needed for conception, which also required that coitus be performed twice or three times. They had no knowledge about ovulation and the quantity of sperm needed for fertilization of an egg. When asked who is responsible for deciding the sex of the unborn baby, 92% said it was God and about 8% said it was the mother. None agreed with the statement that it was the sex chromosome contributed by the father. 83% reported that the sex of the child was determined when the fetus was 6 or 8 months old. They related that if the child was conceived during moonlit nights, the sex of the baby would be male and a child conceived during dark nights would be female. 70% advocated the use of pain relievers or antiallergenics for pregnant women. 90% did not feel the need to go to the doctor for regular checkups. The need to prepare for delivery in advance was irrelevant to most of them. They preferred home deliveries, but did not care about the experience of the birth attendant. The limited knowledge and misconceptions of these functionaries were revealed. Research has shown that the mortality of infants and mothers could be reduced by 25% through proper knowledge of birth spacing and pregnancy.

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Accession: 046508102

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PMID: 12320291

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