+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Knowledge and fears among Chilean women with regard to the Papanicolaou test

Knowledge and fears among Chilean women with regard to the Papanicolaou test

Bulletin of the Pan American Health Organization 30(4): 354-361

This exploratory study was conducted among a sample of 299 women out of a total sample of 861 who had attended three primary health care clinics (La Feria, San Jose, and Maipu) in southern and western portions of Santiago, Chile. The interviews were conducted during June, August, and November 1993. The women were aged 25-54 years. Most were overdue for a Pap smear. The women had been seen at these clinics during January 1987 and January 1989. 248 refused to be interviewed, and 314 were lost to follow-up. One question about the purpose of the Pap test was answered only by 199 women. 34% of the 299 women interviewed reported a failure to have a Pap test due to forgetfulness. 27% did not think it was necessary to have the test every 3 years. 8% reported fear of the procedure. This proportion of fearful women remained the same regardless of educational level. The most educated women were the most likely to be up to date with Pap smear testing. 30% of women aged over 45 years were up to date with their Pap tests. 28% had knowledgeable answers about the purpose of the Pap test; 58% gave fair answers and 10% gave incorrect answers. 30% trusted that health care personnel had good quality information. 36% believed that mass media had good quality information, but 12% thought the media also gave incorrect information. 43% of better educated women, 25% of less educated women, and 23% of least educated women had good quality information. The proportion of good quality information was 19% among women aged over 45 years, 30% among women aged 36-45 years, and 27% among women aged under 36 years. 60% of the common fears were blamed on the criticism given by health workers for delaying a Pap test. 39% feared pain. Over 25% feared loss of their IUD during the Pap test.

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 046508143

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9041747

Related references

Knowledge and fears of Chilean women with respect to Papanicolaou smears. Boletin de la Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana 121(6): 542-549, 1996

Knowledge and fears concerning the Papanicolaou test and cervical cancer in Peruvian women. AAAS Annual Meeting & Science Innovation Exposition 168: A113, 14-19 February, 2002

Knowledge and use of papanicolaou test among HIV-positive women. International Journal of Cancer 115(6): 1009-1010, 2005

Knowledge, attitudes and practice related to Papanicolaou smear test among Argentina's women. Revista de Saude Publica 39(2): 270-276, 2005

Women's knowledge of Papanicolaou smears. Australian Family Physician 19(11): 1739, 1742-5, 1749-50, 1990

Papanicolaou test screening and prevalence of genital human papillomavirus among women who have sex with women. American Journal of Public Health 91(6): 947-952, 2001

Relationship between the intention to repeat a papanicolaou smear test and affective response to a previous test among Korean women. Cancer Nursing 25(5): 385-390, 2002

Fears, knowledge, and need of counseling for women with epilepsy. Results of an outpatient study. Der Nervenarzt 80(2): 174-183, 2009

The Papanicolaou test in elderly women. JAMA 256(3): 393-393, 1986

Accuracy of Papanicolaou test among HIV-infected women. Clinical Infectious Diseases 42(4): 562-568, 2006

Patient knowledge about human papillomavirus and relationship to history of abnormal Papanicolaou test results. Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease 11(1): 29-34, 2006

The effect of educational brochures on knowledge and emotional distress in women with abnormal Papanicolaou smears. Obstetrics and Gynecology 81(2): 280-282, 1993

The histopathology of papanicolaou smears in postmenopausal women A correlative study between papanicolaou smear and histopathologic findings in 280 postmenopausal women. Acta Cytologica 38(5): 814, 1994

Women's concerns about abnormal Papanicolaou test results. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing 20(2): 154-159, 1991

Use of the papanicolaou test in women under 25 years of age in Southern Alberta. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada 36(7): 576-577, 2015