+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Knowledge and information about ADHD: evidence of cultural differences among African-American and white parents



Knowledge and information about ADHD: evidence of cultural differences among African-American and white parents



Social Science & Medicine 46(7): 919-928



Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is considered the most common child psychiatric disorder in the United States of America. Despite the high prevalence (estimated at 3-5%), little is known about the level and source of knowledge about ADHD among those affected by the disease, and about cultural and ethnic variations in knowledge levels and information sources. This represents a serious deficit, because health behavior, including demand for health services, is thought to be strongly influenced by knowledge or beliefs held by individuals and their networks. Furthermore, recent research suggested minority children may be less likely to receive services for ADHD. To examine possible differences in ADHD knowledge and information source, a sample of 486 African-American and white parents of children at high risk for ADHD were surveyed by telephone and subsequently participated in face-to-face interviews addressing their explanatory models of ADHD. Results revealed significant ethnic differences in knowledge and sources of information about ADHD. Fewer African-American parents than white parents indicated that they had ever heard of ADHD (69% compared to 95%, P < 0.001), or that they knew some or a lot about it (36% compared to 70%, P < 0.001) African-American parents were more likely to attribute ADHD to excessive sugar in the diet than whites (59% compared to 30.0%, P < 0.001). Finally, even though the physician was listed as the most preferred information source for both groups, only 17.5% of African-American parents reported they had received information about ADHD from the physician compared to 29% of whites (P < 0.01). African American parents reported less use of and less preference for written informational materials (newspapers, journals, library) than white parents. We conclude that substantially more research should be undertaken to examine the relationship between ethnicity and ADHD knowledge, to inform culturally appropriate education campaigns and to improve access to services for this important treatable child mental health condition.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 046508146

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9541077

DOI: 10.1016/s0277-9536(97)00219-0


Related references

Knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding HPV vaccination: ethnic and cultural differences between African-American and Haitian immigrant women. Women's Health Issues 22(6): E571-E579, 2013

Diabetes knowledge and sources of information among African American and white older women. Diabetes Educator 24(3): 319-324, 1998

Differences in knowledge of hepatitis B among Vietnamese, African-American, Hispanic, and white adolescents in Worcester, Massachusetts. Pediatrics 104(5 Pt 2): 1212-1216, 1999

Perceptions of communication choice and usage among African American hearing parents: Afrocentric cultural implications for African American deaf and hard of hearing children. American Annals of the Deaf 157(1): 7-15, 2012

Differences between African American and White research volunteers in their attitudes, beliefs and knowledge regarding genetic testing for Alzheimer's disease. Journal of Genetic Counseling 20(6): 650-659, 2012

Cultural variations in parenting: perceptions of Caucasian, African-American, Hispanic, and Asian-American parents. Family relations 43(1): 30-37, 1994

Anti-tobacco socialization in homes of African-American and white parents, and smoking and nonsmoking parents. Journal of Adolescent Health 24(5): 329-339, 1999

Communicating Effectively About Clinical Trials With African American Communities: A Comparison of African American and White Information Sources and Needs. Health Promotion Practice 17(2): 199-208, 2015

Skills and Strategies of African American Parents in the Management of ADHD: A Qualitative Study. Journal of Attention Disorders: 1087054717727351-1087054717727351, 2017

Community perspectives of childhood behavioral problems and ADHD among African American parents. Ambulatory Pediatrics 7(3): 226-231, 2007

Differences in African American and White college students' drinking behaviors: consequences, harm reduction strategies, and health information sources. Journal of American College Health 52(3): 123-129, 2004

The differential effect of hospital-based provider encouragement to breastfeed among White, Hispanic and African American mothers Evidence from the Commonwealth Survey of Parents with Young Children. Pediatric Research 45(4 PART 2): 132A, April, 1999

ADHD knowledge, perceptions, and information sources: perspectives from a community sample of adolescents and their parents. Journal of Adolescent Health 51(6): 593-600, 2013

Knowledge and beliefs of African-American and American Indian parents and supporters about infant safe sleep. Journal of Community Health 40(1): 12-19, 2015

Differences in cultural beliefs and values among African American and European American men with prostate cancer. Cancer Control 14(3): 277-284, 2007