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Knowledge and practice in family planning of Thai women



Knowledge and practice in family planning of Thai women



Journal of Thai Association for Voluntary Sterilization 1979: 42-49



Family planning knowledge and practice in Thailand were examined, particularly contraceptive practices. The source of the data was the 2 rounds of the National Longitudinal Study of Social, Economic, and Demographic Change. The 1st round was conducted in 1969 for rural and 1970 for urban areas; the 2nd rounds were conducted in 1972 in rural and in 1973 in urban areas. The other data source was the Survey of Fertility in Thailand 1975 (SOFT). Both familiarity with contraceptive methods and salinecy of contraception increased substantially in the 5-6 years between the surveys. At the time of the 1st round of the Longitudinal Survey, about 3 out of 4 urban women were able to mention a contraceptive method without prompting while just under half of the rural women could. Most of the remaining women claimed that they recognized at least 1 method when a list of methods was read to them, but again this was less the case for rural women. By 1975, 92% of urban and 86% of rural women could mention a method without prompting, and almost all women indicated a familiarity with birth control when those who recognized a method from a list were included. By 1975 the method most familiar to both rural and urban women was oral contraception (OC). It was the most salient method as indicated by the much higher percentage of women who mentioned OC without a reminder than mentioned any other method. Contraceptive usage increased rapidly during the period under observation. The proportion of all women who ever used contraception increased from under 1/5 to over 1/2 in the 5-6 years covered by the surveys. Current use increased during the same time from under 15% to over 1/3 of all women. The increase was most marked in rural areas where the number of current users increased from just over 1 in 10 women to more than 1 in 3 women. By 1975, almost one half of all rural women reported having ever used some contraceptive method. With the exception of the youngest group of married women, there was remarkably little variation among the different age groups of women in terms of the proportion who had ever used or were currently using contraception as of 1975. By 1975, OC was the most commonly used method for both rural and urban women. Increased OC use over the period under observation accounted for more of the total increase in contraceptive use than all other methods combined. In each of the surveys, female sterilization accounted for a substantial proportion of the contraception practiced in urban areas. IUD use also increased over the period under observation, particularly among rural women.

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Accession: 046508183

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PMID: 12265369


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