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Knowledge, attitude and practice of Malay folk methods in family planning



Knowledge, attitude and practice of Malay folk methods in family planning



Malaysian Journal of Reproductive Health 3(1 Supplement): S64



This paper presents findings from a follow-up survey to the 1982 Malaysian Health and Family Planning Survey in Johore and Perak states. The survey aimed to provide more information on traditional methods of contraception and their practice by specific socioeconomic groups, to assess the use of folk methods, and to gauge the perception of effectiveness. The sample includes 1616 women. Findings indicate that people were more familiar with modern methods, particularly the pill. 33.4% of respondents had ever heard of a folk method, such as incantations, exercise, "majun," the Indonesian pill, applications of heat to the abdomen, and herbal preparations. Among the knowledgeable folk methods population, 16.6% had ever heard of herbs, 14.7% knew about jamu, 11.2% knew about majun, 6.3% knew about exercise, 3.3% knew about Indonesian pills, and 1.2% knew about heat applications. 19.8% knew about a variety of other folk methods that were not classified by kind. 62% knew about the traditional method of rhythm; 41.4% knew about withdrawal; and 34.2% knew about abstinence. Knowledge of these three traditional methods was highest among the Chinese. Knowledge of folk methods was highest among the Malays (79.2%). Only 3.5% of Chinese and 2.9% of Indians knew about folk methods. 64% of respondents had ever used modern methods, and about 49% had ever used traditional methods or folk methods. The most popular method of current use was the pill (13.7%), followed by the condom (11.7). Rhythm was the most popular traditional method (7.1%) among current users. 6.2% currently used folk methods. 46.0% currently used some form of contraception. Modern method use was higher among the Chinese, and sterilization was higher among Indians. Knowledge of folk methods increased with an increase in level of education and age. Folk use was higher in urban areas. 46.8% of Malay ever users of folk methods perceived it was very effective, and 45.0% considered it somewhat effective. 70.8% of Malay never users considered folk methods as somewhat effective. 34.8% knew a source of supply for folk methods.

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Accession: 046508589

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PMID: 12320798


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