+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Knowledge, opinions and attitudes towards AIDS in rural Africa (Senegal, Cameroon, Burundi). Current research

Knowledge, opinions and attitudes towards AIDS in rural Africa (Senegal, Cameroon, Burundi). Current research

Societes d'Afrique and Sida 1996(13): 11-13

A survey conducted by the Center for Study and Research on African and Asian Populations in 2 villages in Senegal's Kaolack region, 5 villages in Cameroon's Eastern Province, and 2 hill areas in Burundi investigated the hypothesis that AIDS-related knowledge and attitudes are influenced both by HIV prevalence in the area and gender relations. In all, the data set was comprised of 2526 individual questionnaires, 796 family questionnaires, and 267 qualitative individual interviews. As expected, both men and women from Burundi--a country with high HIV seroprevalence--were more knowledgeable about AIDS than those in Cameroon and Senegal--countries with low HIV prevalence. However, even when economic activity, educational level, and migration were controlled, men in Cameroon and Senegal were significantly more likely than women to be knowledgeable about AIDS. Although stigmatization of persons with AIDS was strong in all 3 countries (because of a perceived association with prostitution), this attitude was more widespread in the 2 low-prevalence countries. The main sources of information about AIDS were, for men, the mass media, and, for women, interpersonal relations. In all 3 countries, personal exposure to someone with AIDS was significantly associated with male gender, higher educational status, employment outside the primary sector, and emigration experience. In Senegal and Cameroon, where personal confrontation with people with AIDS is less common than in Burundi because of lower HIV prevalence, people tended to rely on indirect sources of information about AIDS. The tendency for men to have a broader range of interpersonal contacts than women presumably accounts for men's greater knowledge levels in these countries. In Burundi, in contrast, where the epidemic has a high prevalence, both men and women are likely to have personal encounters with those with AIDS and thus have equally high knowledge levels.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 046508697

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 12179371

Related references

Change in knowledge and attitudes towards AIDS and in sexual behavior in a rural area of Senegal. ELEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AIDS [Author] Eleventh International Conference on AIDS, Vol One One world: One hope : 189, 1996

HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, practices and perceptions of rural nurses in South Africa. Journal of Advanced Nursing 65(5): 1061-1073, 2009

Knowledge, attitudes and perception of AIDS in rural Senegal: relationship to sexual behaviour and behaviour change. Aids 10(3): 327-334, 1996

Rural nursing students' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about HIV/AIDS: a research brief. Journal of the Association of Nurses in Aids Care 14(4): 70-73, 2003

The role of AIDS knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices research in sub-Saharan Africa. Aids 5(Suppl. 1): S177-S181, 1991

Current research on children's and adolescents' HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behavior. Journal of Pediatric Psychology 20(1): 37-40, 1995

Sexually transmitted diseases, HIV-infection and AIDS in Mudzi, Zimbabwe: A study of knowledge, attitudes and practices in a rural area in southern Africa. Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening 114(9): 1045-1049, 1994

Risk behaviours and AIDS knowledge in a rural community of Senegal: relationship with sources of AIDS information. International Journal of Epidemiology 27(5): 890-896, 1998

AIDS survey in Croydon: attitudes, knowledge and opinions. Health Education Journal 48(1): 24-26, 1989

Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to STD and HIV/AIDS: men having sex with men in Senegal. Revue d'Epidemiologie et de Sante Publique 59(5): 305-311, 2011

Preventive attitudes towards the threat of AIDS: process and determinants in rural Senegal. Aids Education and Prevention 12(6): 544-556, 2000

Evaluation of HIV and AIDS knowledge in rural Cameroon men with the use of a questionnaire. Pan African Medical Journal 16: 141, 2013

Knowledge, attitudes and practices on HIV / AIDS in the south region of Cameroon: case of the town of Kribi. Igiene e Sanita Pubblica 70(4): 381-392, 2014

Survey of knowledge, attitudes, and opinions about AIDS expressed by a population of high-school students in Rimini. Annali di Igiene 8(6): 611-620, 1996

Ohios rural nonfarm residents: attitudes and opinions on current issues. 1972