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Knowledge-based and data-driven models in arrhythmia fuzzy classification

Knowledge-based and data-driven models in arrhythmia fuzzy classification

Methods of Information in Medicine 40(5): 397-402

Fuzzy rules automatically derived from a set of training examples quite often produce better classification results than fuzzy rules translated from medical knowledge. This study aims to investigate the difference in domain representation between a knowledge-based and a data-driven fuzzy system applied to an electrocardiography classification problem. For a three-class electrocardiographic arrhythmia classification task a set of fifteen fuzzy rules is derived from medical expertise on the basis of twelve electrocardiographic measures. A second set of fuzzy rules is automatically constructed on thirty-nine MIT-BIH database's records. The performances of the two classifiers on thirteen different records are comparable and up to a certain extent complementary. The two fuzzy models are then analyzed, by using the concept of information gain to estimate the impact of each ECG measure on each fuzzy decision process. Both systems rely on the beat prematurity degree and the QRS complex width and neglect the P wave existence and the ST segment features. The PR interval is not well characterized across the fuzzy medical rules while it plays an important role in the data-driven fuzzy system. The T wave area shows a higher information gain in the knowledge based decision process, and is not very much exploited by the data-driven system. The main difference between a human designed and a data driven ECG arrhythmia classifier is found about the PR interval and the T wave.

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Accession: 046508732

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PMID: 11776738

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