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Laparoscopic accessory splenectomy for recurrent idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and hemolytic anemia



Laparoscopic accessory splenectomy for recurrent idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and hemolytic anemia



Surgical Endoscopy 14(8): 761-763



Laparoscopic splenectomy is an effective treatment for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and hemolytic anemia that has a remission rate of 80-90%. In some patients in whom the disease persists or recurs, a diagnosis of accessory spleen is made. The long-term efficacy of laparoscopic accessory splenectomy is unknown. Patients who underwent laparoscopic accessory splenectomy were followed in the outpatient clinic. The perioperative course, blood counts, and need for medical therapy to maintain a normal count were recorded. Eight patients underwent laparoscopic accessory splenectomy. All procedures were completed laparoscopically, and all patients were discharged on the 1st postoperative day. Patients were available for a follow-up period of 15 months range, (3-27). None of the ITP patients achieved a complete remission. Two of them had a partial remission, and five ITP patients are now being treated with chronic corticosteroids to maintain a platelet count of >100,000/ml. Laparoscopic accessory splenectomy is associated with a low rate of morbidity and a short hospital stay. Despite its success in removing all residual splenic tissue, most patients will probably not enjoy a complete remission.

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Accession: 046517554

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 10954825

DOI: 10.1007/s004640000209


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