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Long-term atmospheric deposition wet-dry fluxes. Critical loads exceedences in an urban area



Long-term atmospheric deposition wet-dry fluxes. Critical loads exceedences in an urban area



Annali di Chimica 91(7-8): 459-469



The present work provides an overview of the most relevant results concerning a five years monitoring programme of wet and dry deposition (1995-1999) in the city of Bologna. The aim of this research is to get an overall picture of atmospheric pollutants deposition inventory in an urban territory and to allow an assessment of the vulnerability of the area by comparing actual fluxes of acidity and nutrient nitrogen with the respective "critical loads" associated to the territory, in the framework of the UNECE LRTAP (Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution Convention). This comparison, for the Bologna monitoring station, shows "exceedance classes" from 4 to 6 for acidity and from 1 to 5 for nutrient nitrogen, reflecting an urban-industrial context, though a trend in reducing occurs from 1995 to 1999. A water layer surface sampler (DAS-MTX sampler) was employed for "surrogate" dry deposition collection. The contribute of dry fraction to the total deposition fluxes appears to prevail on wet fraction for many pollutants (up to more than 90% for total calcium and alkalinity). A comparison with long term monitoring results from some stations in Italian territory, shows that the differences among chemical species deposition fluxes may be ascribed both to the long distance aerial transport of pollutants and to site characteristics.

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Accession: 046567578

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PMID: 11554184


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