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Long-term causes of death following ileal pouch-anal anastomosis

Long-term causes of death following ileal pouch-anal anastomosis

Diseases of the Colon and Rectum 39(5): 525-528

The aim of this study was to identify the overall long-term causes of death in a large series of patients who were undergoing proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). Records of patients who underwent proctocolectomy with IPAA at the Mayo Clinic affiliated hospitals between January 1981 and October 1994 were reviewed to determine overall mortality, cause, and timing of death. A total of 1,603 patients underwent proctocolectomy with IPAA reconstruction (1,407 for chronic ulcerative colitis (CUC), 187 for familial polyposis (FAP), and 9 for other diagnoses). Thirty-two patients have died, with an overall mortality rate of 2 percent. Mean age at time of death was 40 (23-60) years. There was no significant difference in overall mortality between patients with CUC and patients with FAP. Three deaths occurred postoperatively (0.2 percent) because of pulmonary embolism, perforated gastric ulcer, and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Late deaths occurred in 29 patients (1.8 percent), 10 months to 10.4 years after the operation. The most common cause of late death was cancer, including colon and rectal carcinoma (10 patients), hematologic malignancies (4 patients), cholangiocarcinoma (3 patients), and germ-cell carcinoma (1 patient). Four patients died from unrelated sepsis, two died following myocardial infarction, two patients died from complications of subsequent orthopedic surgery, and one patient died of cirrhosis. Two additional patients committed suicide. No late deaths were directly attributable to the IPAA procedure. Proctocolectomy with IPAA is a safe procedure. Operative mortality is low, and late deaths are related to carcinogenic and extracolonic manifestations of underlying or unrelated coexisting diseases and events.

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Accession: 046567975

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8620802

DOI: 10.1007/bf02058705

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