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Long-term results of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in renovascular hypertension



Long-term results of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in renovascular hypertension



Acta Radiologica 37(1): 36-40



The long-term effect of percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) was assessed in 50 patients with renovascular hypertension. Thirty-eight of the patients had atherosclerotic disease and 12 patients fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD). Dilatation with a balloon catheter were performed at 6 to 8 atm for 15 to 30 s. PTRA was technically successful in 46 (92%) patients. Three of the failures underwent surgical revascularization. There was no mortality connected with PTRA. Minor complications occurred in 6 (12%) patients, and surgical intervention was required in 1. In 4 patients with restenosis, repeated PTRA was performed in 2, and surgery in the other 2 patients. Bilateral disease occurred in 12 patients, and 3 had sequential bilateral PTRA. In 9 patients with atherosclerotic ostial stenosis, PTRA was technically successful in 8 (89%). Thirty-eight patients were re-examined with a mean follow-up of 4 years. At follow-up, 5 (45%) of the patients with FMD were classified as cured, 6 (55%) as improved, and none as failed. In the 27 patients with atherosclerotic disease, 23 (85%) had long-term benefit, 3 (11%) were cured, 20 (74%) were improved, and 4 (15%) were failures. In the 8 patients with ostial atherosclerotic lesions and successful PTRA, there was a 75% long-term benefit. Two patients died during follow-up, both from myocardial infarction. The result suggest that PTRA is effective in long-term management of renovascular hypertension, not only in patients with fibromuscular stenosis, but also in patients with atherosclerotic disease, even when ostial lesions are present.

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Accession: 046572536

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8611321

DOI: 10.1080/02841859609174355


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