Low prevalence of hepatitis C viral infection in patients with non-alcoholic chronic liver disease in India
Sarin, S.K.; Guptan, R.C.; Banerjee, K.; Khandekar, P.
Journal of the Association of Physicians of India 44(4): 243-245
To investigate the prevalence and profile of chronic liver disease due to hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) infection in patients with non-alcoholic chronic liver disease in North India, 148 biopsy proven patients (73 with a history of transfusion and 75 non-transfused) were studied. Detection of hepatitis B included HBsAg, AntiHBc, and HBV DNA testing. Presence of HCV infection was investigated by EIA using second generation tests and confirmed by RIBA III and HCV RNA testing. Eighty three (56.1%) patients had cirrhosis related to hepatitis B, 13 (15.7%) of them had precore (HBeAg -ve, HBVDNA +ve) and 11 (13%) had surface (HBsAg-ve, IgM antiHBc-ve, HBVDNA +ve) mutation. Antibodies to HCV were found in 16 (10.8%) patients. Dual infection with HBV and HCV was seen in 20 (13.5%) patients. Twenty nine (19.5%) patients, had cryptogenic cirrhosis as none of the markers for HBV or HCV infection was positive. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that HBV was the most prevalent viral infection associated with chronic liver disease patients in North India. Prevalence of HCV infection was low. Studies to detect HBV mutants and other viruses should be done in patients with suspected cryptogenic cirrhosis of the liver.