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Magnetic ordering and spin-glass behavior in first-row transition metal hexacyanomanganate(IV) Prussian blue analogues

Magnetic ordering and spin-glass behavior in first-row transition metal hexacyanomanganate(IV) Prussian blue analogues

Inorganic Chemistry 39(11): 2411-2421

Magnetically ordered Prussian blue analogues with the general formulation of M[Mn(CN)6] (M = V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni) were made in aprotic media utilizing [MnIV(CN)6]2-. These analogs are valence-ambiguous, as they can be formulated as MII[MnIV(CN)6] or MIII[MnIII(CN)6]. The X-ray powder diffraction of each member of this family can be indexed to the face-centered cubic (fcc) Prussian blue structure type, with atypically reduced unit cell parameters (a approximately 9.25 +/- 0.25 A) with respect to hydrated Prussian blue structured materials (a > or = 10.1 A). The reduced a-values are attributed to a contraction of the lattice in the absence of water or coordinating solvent molecule (i.e., MeCN) that is necessary to help stabilize the structure during lattice formation. Based on vCN IR absorptions, X-ray photoelectron spectra, and magnetic data, the following oxidation state assignments are made: MII[MnIV(CN)6] (M = Co, Ni) and MIII[MnIII(CN)6] (M = V, Cr, Mn). Formation of MnIII[MnIII(CN)6] is in contrast to MnII[MnIV(CN)6] prepared from aqueous media. Above 250 K, the magnetic susceptibilities of M[Mn(CN)6] (M = V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni) can be fit to the Curie-Weiss equation with theta = -370, -140, -105, -55, and -120 K, respectively, suggesting strong antiferromagnetic coupling. The room temperature effective moments, respectively, are 3.71, 4.62, 5.66, 4.54, and 4.91 microB, consistent with the above oxidation state assignments. All compounds do not exhibit magnetic saturation at 50 kOe, and exhibit frequency-dependent chi'(T) and chi"(T) responses characteristic of spin-glass-like behavior. M[Mn(CN)6] order as ferrimagnets, with Tc's taken from the peak in the 10 Hz chi'(T) data, of 19, 16, 27.1, < 1.75, and 4.8 K for M = V, Cr, Mn, Co, and Ni, respectively. The structural and magnetic disorder prevents NiII[MnIV(CN)6] from ordering as a ferromagnet as anticipated, and structural inhomogeneities allow CoII[MnIV(CN)6] and VIII[MnIII(CN)6] to unexpectedly order as ferrimagnets. Also, MnIII[MnIII(CN)6] behaves as a reentrant spin glass showing two transitions at 20 and 27.1 K, and similar behavior is evident for CrIII[MnIII(CN)6]. Hysteresis with coercive fields of 340, 130, 8, 9, and 220 Oe and remanent magnetizations of 40, 80, 1500, 4, and 250 emuOe/mol are observed for M = V, Cr, Mn, Co, and Ni, respectively.

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Accession: 046596935

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PMID: 12526504

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