+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Mandatory bicycle helmet use following a decade of helmet promotion in Victoria, Australia--an evaluation



Mandatory bicycle helmet use following a decade of helmet promotion in Victoria, Australia--an evaluation



Accident; Analysis and Prevention 26(3): 325-337



On July 1, 1990, a law requiring wearing of an approved safety helmet by all bicyclists (unless exempted) came into effect in Victoria, Australia. Some of the more important steps that paved the way for this important initiative (believed to be the first statewide legislation of its type in the world) are described, and the initiative's effects are analysed. There was an immediate increase in average helmet-wearing rates from 31% in March 1990 to 75% in March 1991, although teenagers continued to show lower rates than younger children and adults. The number of insurance claims from bicyclists killed or admitted to hospital after sustaining a head injury decreased by 48% and 70% in the first and second years after the law, respectively. Analysis of the injury data also showed a 23% and 28% reduction in the number of bicyclists killed or admitted to hospital who did not sustain head injuries in the first and second post-law years, respectively. For Melbourne, where regular annual surveys of helmet wearing have been conducted, it was possible to fit a logistic regression model that related the reduction in head injuries to increased helmet wearing. Surveys in Melbourne also indicated a 36% reduction in bicycle use by children during the first year of the law and an estimated increase in adult use of 44%.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 046619514

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8011045

DOI: 10.1016/0001-4575(94)90006-x


Related references

Mandatory bicycle helmet use--Victoria, Australia. Mmwr. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 42(18): 359-363, 1993

Mandatory bicycle helmet use: experience in Victoria, Australia. World Journal of Surgery 16(3): 389-397, 1992

From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Mandatory bicycle helmet use--Victoria, Australia. JAMA 269(23): 2967-2967, 1993

Development of a Swedish bicycle helmet promotion programme--one decade of experiences. Health Promotion International 17(2): 161-169, 2002

Bicycle helmet use by children. Evaluation of a community-wide helmet campaign. JAMA 262(16): 2256-2261, 1989

Bicycle helmet laws and educational campaigns: an evaluation of strategies to increase children's helmet use. American Journal of Public Health 83(5): 667-674, 1993

Evaluation of a statewide bicycle helmet law via multiple measures of helmet use. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 151(1): 59-65, 1997

Bicycle helmet promotion programs--Canada, Australia, and United States. Mmwr. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 42(11): 203, 209-10, 1993

The possible effect on frequency of cycling if mandatory bicycle helmet legislation was repealed in Sydney, Australia: a cross sectional survey. Health Promotion Journal of Australia 22(3): 178-183, 2011

Long term bicycle related head injury trends for New South Wales, Australia following mandatory helmet legislation. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 50: 1128-1134, 2013

Helmet efficacy in the prevention of bicyclist head injuries: Royal Australasian College of Surgeons initiatives in the introduction of compulsory safety helmet wearing in Victoria, Australia. World Journal of Surgery 16(3): 379-383, 1992

The effects of provincial bicycle helmet legislation on helmet use and bicycle ridership in Canada. Injury Prevention 16(4): 219-224, 2010

Injury prevention. Bicycle helmet promotion programmes, Canada, Australia, and United States of America. Releve Epidemiologique Hebdomadaire 68(20): 146-147, 1993

Head injuries to pedal cyclists and the promotion of helmet use in Victoria, Australia. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 20(3): 177-185, 1988

Evaluation of a community bicycle helmet promotion campaign: what works and why. American Journal of Health Promotion 7(4): 281-287, 1993