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Mandibular condyle position: comparison of articulator mountings and magnetic resonance imaging



Mandibular condyle position: comparison of articulator mountings and magnetic resonance imaging



American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 104(3): 230-239



This study evaluated the reliability of jaw positions, the existence of distinct jaw positions, and condyle-disk-fossa relationships in a symptom-free population by using articulator mountings and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The subjects examined included 28 men, 22 to 35 years of age, all having Angle Class I molar relationships and no discernible TMJ dysfunction. Records taken included the following: an axiographic face-bow to locate retruded hinge axis position, an interocclusal registration of retruded position (RE), a series of interocclusal registrations for centric occlusion (CO), a leaf gauge-generated centric relation (CR), a series of interocclusal registrations for CR, and MRI. The mandibular position indicator of the SAM articulator (Great Lakes Orthodontics, Ltd., Tonawanda, N.Y.) was used to determine reliability and existence of distinct jaw positions. Magnetic resonance imaging also evaluated jaw positions and anatomic relationships. The results indicate: (1) The articulator analysis of CO and CR is statistically replicable. (2) A distinct jaw position could be demonstrated for CO that was separate from RE and CR. It was not possible to discriminate between RE and CR. (3) Condylar concentricity was observed in half of the sample and remained consistent in RE, CO, and CR. (4) Of the sample 13% demonstrated anteriorly displaced disks that were not influenced by posterior condyle placement. (5) The clinical concept of treating to CR as a preventive measure to improve disk-to-condyle relationships was not supported by this study.

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Accession: 046619728

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8362784

DOI: 10.1016/s0889-5406(05)81724-x


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