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Mandibular distraction force: laboratory data and clinical correlation

Mandibular distraction force: laboratory data and clinical correlation

Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 59(5): 539

In vitro data were collected to measure torque-force values of an internal distraction device. The measurements were correlated with in vivo torque readings in an attempt to better understand the force required to distract the osteogenic bone callus of the human mandible during distraction osteogenesis. Five internal craniofacial distraction devices were mounted on an apparatus to test load limits and torque measurements. The apparatus aligned the devices so that weight provided a force opposite and parallel to the vector of distraction. Weights were added in 5-lb increments, and the devices were activated 0.5 mm for each torque reading. Torque readings were obtained from a calibrated torque wrench. Measurements were plotted on a graph and correlated with clinical torque readings obtained from 8 patients undergoing mandibular lengthening. The average torque for distracting the human mandible 0.5 mm twice a day was 4.2 +/- 1.6 Newton-centimeters (N-cm). The average slope of the in vitro data shows that 4.2 N-cm of torque is equivalent to a force of 35.6 N. The average force of device failure was 235.8 N. Torque-force diagrams offer an effective means for calibrating safety margins and load capabilities for internal distraction devices. Quantification of axial forces encountered in mandibular lengthening will help contribute to the overall understanding and biomechanics of mandibular distraction osteogenesis.

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Accession: 046619738

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11326380

DOI: 10.1053/joms.2001.22688

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