+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Mandibular whiplash. Part II. An extension flexion injury of the temporomandibular joints



Mandibular whiplash. Part II. An extension flexion injury of the temporomandibular joints



Functional Orthodontist 10(2): 45-51



The single most common contributing factor in the onset of TMJ disorders is cranio cervical trauma. This is strongly supported by the referred literature and a wide range of clinical experience. Trauma is also one of the most frequently overlooked factors when developing an occlusion related treatment plan. Failure to take into account a previous injury that has caused permanent damage to the TMJs could prove to be very embarrassing. If the symptoms are in remission at the initiation of occlusal therapy, a tense situation can arise if an old injury becomes acute during treatment and the patient mistakenly assumes that the occlusal therapy was the proximate cause of the flare up in symptoms. Pretreatment screening for TMJ injuries is extremely important and can have substantial impact on the final therapeutic course.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 046619992

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8359749


Related references

Mandibular whiplash. Part I: An extension flexion injury of the temporomandibular joints. Functional Orthodontist 10(1): 26-9, 32-3, 1993

Cervical extension-flexion injury (whiplash) and internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 45(8): 653-656, 1987

Temporomandibular joint arthroscopic findings in patients with cervical flexion-extension injury (whiplash): a preliminary study of 30 patients. Journal 68(11): 693-696, 2002

Craniomandibular/temporomandibular/cervical implications of a forced hyper-extension/hyper-flexion episode (i.e., whiplash). Functional Orthodontist 11(2): 5, 1994

Temporomandibular joint injury potential imposed by the low-velocity extension-flexion maneuver. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 53(3): 256-62; Discussion 263, 1995

Measurements of Flexion and Extension in the Joints of the Head. Fortschritte auf dem Gebiete der Rontgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin 99: 538-543, 1963

Lumbosacral synovial joints in flexion-extension. Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica 39(3): 303-311, 1968

Flexion and extension injuries of the cervicocapital joints. Clinical Orthopaedics 24: 22-33, 1962

Assessing neck extension-flexion as a basis for temporomandibular joint dysfunction. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 49(11): 1210-1213, 1991

Interdependency of the maximum range of flexion-extension of hand metacarpophalangeal joints. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering 19(16): 1800-1807, 2016

Range of passive flexion and extension of hindlimb joints in the japanese macaque. Journal of the Anthropological Society of Nippon 93(3): 327-336, 1985

Temporomandibular joint dysfunction. A consequence of whiplash-injury. Hno 56(11): 1114-1121, 2008

Incidence of temporomandibular joint symptoms following whiplash injury. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 50(8): 825-828, 1992

Prevalence of temporomandibular disorders associated with whiplash injury in Lithuania. Oral Surgery Oral Medicine Oral Pathology Oral Radiology & Endodontics 87(6): 653-657, 1999