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Matrix-isolated Al2OF6(2-) ion in molten and solid LiF/NaF/KF

Matrix-isolated Al2OF6(2-) ion in molten and solid LiF/NaF/KF

Inorganic Chemistry 39(21): 4725-4730

A Raman spectrum consistent with that expected from an Al2OF6(2-) ion was observed when Na2O was dissolved in a eutectic LiF/NaF/KF (FLINAK) melt at 500 degrees C, which contained a low concentration of either AlF3 or Na3AlF6. Furthermore, it was possible to trap the Al2OF6(2-) ion in the frozen solid and to measure its Raman and IR spectra at 25 degrees C. A number of bands have been detected; among those, the two most characteristic bands of the Al2OF6(2-) ion at 494 (polarized) and 265 cm-1 in the FLINAK melt at 500 degrees C, and those at 509 and 268 (Raman) and approximately 780 to approximately 900 (IR) cm-1 for the compound matrix isolated in solid FLINAK at 25 degrees C. In the absence of added oxide, the dissolved aluminum fluoride was in the form of the octahedral AlF6(3-) ion, which has characteristic Raman bands at 542 and 325 cm-1 in the FLINAK melt at 500 degrees C. Whereas alumina, Al2O3, was found to be essentially insoluble in FLINAK melts, it was possible to dissolve sufficient amounts of Na2O to convert most of the AlF6(3-) to the oxyfluoroaluminate, Al2OF6(2-). These solutions appeared to be metastable with respect to formation of insoluble alumina at higher temperatures. The present results can be compared to previous measurements on alumina dissolved in pure molten cryolite at much higher temperatures, where alumina solubility is low and broad bands due to oxide species are difficult to detect due to overlap with bands from AlF6(3-) and AlF4-.

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Accession: 046631547

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PMID: 11196946

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