Section 47
Chapter 46,634

Mea2/Golga3 gene is disrupted in a line of transgenic mice with a reciprocal translocation between Chromosomes 5 and 19 and is responsible for a defective spermatogenesis in homozygotes

Matsukuma, S.; Kondo, M.; Yoshihara, M.; Matsuda, M.; Utakoji, T.; Sutou, S.

Mammalian Genome Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society 10(1): 1-5


ISSN/ISBN: 0938-8990
PMID: 9892724
DOI: 10.1007/s003359900932
Accession: 046633400

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A line of transgenic mouse T604 transmitted a transgene to progeny together with a set of chromosomes with a reciprocal translocation. The transgene was integrated at a single site in the translocated chromosomes, as revealed by fluorescence in situ hybridization. The transgenic hemizygous males, also heterozygous for the translocation of chromosomes, showed apparently normal spermatogenesis, while the males homozygous for the transgene as well as for the translocated chromosomes showed a defect in spermatogenesis. Considering that the genetic rearrangement by either insertion of the transgene or the chromosome translocation in the T604 mouse line might have caused a recessive mutation in a gene indispensable for spermatogenesis, we have mapped the transgene integration site and the translocation breakpoints in mouse chromosomes. Linkage analysis with SSLP markers showed that the loci for the transgene and the translocation breakpoints were closely located to D5Mit24 on Chromosome (Chr) 5, and to a region between D19Mit19 and D19Jpk2 on Chr 19. Mea2 gene, mapped only 2 cM from D5Mit24 and known to show male-specific enhanced expression in the testis, was analyzed as a candidate for the gene disrupted in T604 transgenic mice. Southern blot analysis revealed that Mea2 gene was indeed disrupted in T604 mice, and Northern blot analysis of the testis RNA showed that the expression of Mea2 was annihilated in the testis of T604 transgenic homozygotes.

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