Modulation of platelet responses by 2-[3- (bromo-2-oxopropylthio) ]adenosine-5'-diphosphate involves its binding to as well as covalent modification of an ADP-receptor, aggregin
Puri, R.N.; Colman, R.F.; Colman, R.W.
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 343(1): 140-145
ISSN/ISBN: 0003-9861 PMID: 9210656 DOI: 10.1006/abbi.1997.0160
The 2-substituted ADP derivatives are known to activate human blood platelets with varying degrees of potency. For example, 2-(4-bromo-2,3-dioxobutylthio)adenosine-5'-diphosphate [2-BDB-TADP], an ADP-affinity analog, was previously shown by us to be 50% as potent as ADP in inducing human blood platelet responses [Puri, R. N., Colman, R. F., and Colman, R. W. (1996) Eur. J. Biochem. 236, 862-870]. 2-Methylthio-ADP (2-MeS-ADP) has been known to be a far more potent agonist than ADP. However, the molecular basis for defining the rank order of potency of the 2-substituted ADP derivatives as agonists of platelet responses have been incompletely understood. We now report that 2-BOP-TADP (a one carbon atom lower homolog of 2-BDB-TADP) at equimolar concentration is as potent as ADP in inducing platelet responses. Prolonged incubation of platelets with 2-BOP-TADP abolished its ability to elicit cellular responses. An autoradiogram of the gel obtained by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of solubilized platelets labeled by incubating the platelets with 2-BOP-TADP for 1 h followed by reduction by NaB[3H]4 showed the presence of a single covalently radiolabeled protein band at 100 kDa. Preincubation of platelets with either ADP or ATP reduced the intensity of the band corresponding to the 100-kDa protein radiolabeled by 2-BOP-TADP and NaB[3H]4. The results show that (i) 2-BOP-TADP modulates ADP-induced platelet responses by interacting with aggregin and (ii) 2-BOP-TADP was twice as potent as 2-BDB-TADP, and (iii) the chain length of the substituent in a homologous series has an important bearing on the potency of a 2-substituted ADP analog.