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Molecular cloning and expression during spermatogenesis of a cDNA encoding testicular 11beta-hydroxylase (P45011beta) in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Molecular cloning and expression during spermatogenesis of a cDNA encoding testicular 11beta-hydroxylase (P45011beta) in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Molecular Reproduction and Development 62(4): 456-469

ISSN/ISBN: 1040-452X

PMID: 12112578

DOI: 10.1002/mrd.10145

Cytochrome P450 1beta-hydroxylase (P450(11beta)) is an important steroidogenic enzyme for glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid production in vertebrates. In teleosts, P450(11beta) also plays a role in the production of 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT), the predominant androgen in male fish. In this study, we cloned a cDNA encoding rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) testicular P450(11beta). The cDNA contains 1,740 nucleotides that encode a protein of 551 amino acids which shares 65.2% homology with testicular P450(11beta) from Japanese eel, and 33-45% homology with adrenal P450(11beta) from rat, human, and frog. HEK293 cells transfected with an expression vector containing the rainbow trout P450(11beta) cDNA open reading frame showed 11beta-hydroxylating activity in the presence of exogenous testosterone. Analysis of tissue distribution by RT-PCR showed great abundance of P450(11beta) mRNA in testis and head kidney. In order to clarify the sites of P450(11beta) gene expression, cRNA in situ hybridization analysis was performed. Hybridization signals were detected in Leydig cells and head kidney inter-renal cells. The results of Northern blot analysis indicated a single 1.8-kb transcript encoding P450(11beta) in testis and in head kidney, suggesting that the testicular form of P450(11beta) may also be involved in cortisol production by inter-renal cells. Seasonal changes in total P450(11beta) mRNA levels in testes during spermatogenesis showed a pattern similar to that of plasma androgens. These results suggest that androgen production in male rainbow trout is partially regulated by changes in abundance of P450(11beta) mRNA.

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Accession: 046711498

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