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Monoclonal antibodies with neuroblastoma specificity: a flow cytometric analysis of cross-reactivity with CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells



Monoclonal antibodies with neuroblastoma specificity: a flow cytometric analysis of cross-reactivity with CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells



Journal of HematoTherapy & Stem Cell Research 9(6): 867-875



The aim of this study was to evaluate the specificity of a number of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) used for immunological in vitro purging of stem cell grafts from neuroblastoma patients. The extent of cross-reactivity of 10 neuroblastoma-specific MAbs (NB-MAb) with CD34+ stem cells from 14 leukapheresis products was analyzed. The level of cross-reactivity was analyzed on a Coulter (Fullerton, CA) flow cytometer using biotinylated NB-MAbs. There was a marked difference in the reactivity of the ten NB-MAbs with CD34+ stem cells. The antibodies could be divided into three groups with increasing levels of cross reactivity. Four antibodies (126-4, 5.1 H11, UJ127.11, and 14.G2a) all reacted with median levels of less than 2% (range 0.0 to 5.4) of CD34+ stem cells (median of 14 patients). Another three antibodies reacted with a median of 3.1-4.1% of the stem cells (UJ13A, Ab390, and Ab459) but with a wide range (0.2 to 25.6). Finally, M340, HSAN 1.2, and antiThy-1 reacted with a median of 9-16% of the stem cells (range 0.6 to 51.5). We conclude that there is a significant variation in the proportion of CD34+ stem cells reacting with each of the ten neuroblastoma antibodies investigated in this study. Therefore, to avoid a significant loss of CD34+ cells from the stem cell product, we find it important to carefully consider which antibodies to use for immunomagnetic purging.

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Accession: 046721672

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PMID: 11177599

DOI: 10.1089/152581600750062309



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