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Mu-surrogate light chain physicochemical interactions of the human preB cell receptor: implications for VH repertoire selection and cell signaling at the preB cell stage

Gauthier, L.; Lemmers, B.; Guelpa-Fonlupt, V.; Fougereau, M.; Schiff, C.

Journal of Immunology 162(1): 41-50

1999


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1767
PMID: 9886368
Accession: 046734929

The surrogate light chain (SL) composed of the A-like and VpreB polypeptides is organized as two Ig domains and an extra-loop structure. It associates to the mu-chain in preB cells. We have produced human VpreB, SL, two Fdmu (VH-CH1), and the two corresponding Fab-like (Fdmu-SL) recombinant proteins in baculovirus. The correctness of the general conformation of the proteins was assessed by epitope mapping and affinity measurements using a new batch of anti-VpreB mAbs. Plasmon resonance analysis showed that both VpreB and the entire SL associated with the Fdmu fragments, with Kd values of 3x10(-8) M for VpreB-Fdmu and of 10(-9) to 10(-10) M, depending upon the V(H), for SL-Fdmu. These results indicate that the A-like chain, in addition to be covalently bound to the Cmu1 domain, also interacts with the VH domain. Therefore, a dual role of the SL emerges: 1) interaction of the C-domain of A-like would release the mu-chain from its interaction with binding protein in the endoplasmic reticulum, and 2) interaction of a part of A-like and most of VpreB would bind to VH, ensuring a "quality control" of the native heavy chain that represents the first step of selection of the B cell repertoire. We also demonstrated that two Fab-like fragments did not interact with each other, suggesting that activation of the cell surface preB receptor does not involve aggregation neither in cis nor in trans of the Fab-like structures.

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