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Multicenter, randomized, controlled trial of delayed pushing for nulliparous women in the second stage of labor with continuous epidural analgesia. The PEOPLE (Pushing Early or Pushing Late with Epidural) Study Group



Multicenter, randomized, controlled trial of delayed pushing for nulliparous women in the second stage of labor with continuous epidural analgesia. The PEOPLE (Pushing Early or Pushing Late with Epidural) Study Group



American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 182(5): 1165-1172



This study was undertaken to determine whether a policy of delayed pushing for nulliparous women with continuous-infusion epidural analgesia reduces the risk of difficult delivery (cesarean delivery, operative delivery from a midpelvic position, low-pelvic procedures with rotation >45 degrees ). In this multicenter, randomized, controlled trial women in the delayed pushing group (n = 936) were advised to wait > or =2 hours after full dilatation before commencement of pushing. Women in the early pushing group (n = 926) were advised to commence pushing as soon as they had been randomly assigned. Difficult delivery was reduced with delayed pushing (relative risk, 0.79; 95% confidence interval, 0.66-0.95). The greatest effect was on midpelvic procedures (relative risk, 0.72; 95% confidence interval, 0.55-0.93). Although there was little evidence for an effect on low-pelvic procedures, spontaneous delivery was more frequent among women who practiced delayed pushing (relative risk, 1.09; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-1.18). Abnormal umbilical cord blood pH (<7.15 venous value or <7.10 arterial value) was more frequent in the delayed pushing group (relative risk, 2.45, 95% confidence interval, 1.35-4. 43). However, scores for a summary indicator, the Neonatal Morbidity Index, were similarly distributed in the 2 groups. Delayed pushing is an effective strategy to reduce difficult deliveries among nulliparous women.

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Accession: 046737023

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PMID: 10819854


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