Necrotizing group a streptococcal infections associated with streptococcal toxic shock syndrome
Sellers, B.J.; Woods, M.L.; Morris, S.E.; Saffle, J.R.
American Journal of Surgery 172(5) 523-527; Discussion: 527-528
ISSN/ISBN: 0002-9610 PMID: 8942557 DOI: 10.1016/s0002-9610(96)00248-6
Group A streptococci (GAS) cause a variety of life-threatening infectious complications, including necrotizing fasciitis (NF), purpura fulminans (PF), and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (strepTSS), in which bacteremia is associated with shock and organ failure. We reviewed our experience in the management of patients with necrotizing GAS infections from 1991 to 1995. Eight adult patients (6 NF, 2 PF) were identified. Patients presented with fever, leukocytosis, and severe pain, and rapidly developed shock and organ dysfunction. The diagnosis of strepTSS was confirmed in 6 cases. A total of 54 surgical procedures were required, including widespread debridements and amputations. Two patients died (25%). Recognition of the need for aggressive diagnosis and surgical treatment of this most rapidly progressive surgical infection is necessary for successful management.