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Neonatal screening of phenylketonuria and congenital hypothyroidism in China



Neonatal screening of phenylketonuria and congenital hypothyroidism in China



Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 30(Suppl. 2): 17-19



Mass screening of newborns for some congenital metabolic diseases is a tremendous achievement in the field of preventive medicine. The pilot study of neonatal screening in China was started in 1981. According to the results of 1.1 million newborn screenings from 8 big cities in the past 6 years, the incidence of phenylketonuria was 1/14,767 and congenital hypothyroidism was 1/5,469. China is a vast country with great economic differences among the different regions, making neonatal screening difficult in some areas. The national neonatal screening coverage rate is only about 2 % at the moment, but in metropolitan centers like Shanghai, the coverage rate reached 95 % in 1997.

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Accession: 046773734

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PMID: 11400761


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