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Neurohumoral, peptidergic and biochemical responses to supine exercise in two groups with primary autonomic failure: Shy-Drager syndrome/multiple system atrophy and pure autonomic failure



Neurohumoral, peptidergic and biochemical responses to supine exercise in two groups with primary autonomic failure: Shy-Drager syndrome/multiple system atrophy and pure autonomic failure



Clinical Autonomic Research 6(5): 255-262



The neurohumoral, peptidergic and biochemical responses to supine leg exercise were studied in two groups with primary autonomic failure: Shy-Drager syndrome (SDS, n = 15) and pure autonomic failure (PAF, n = 15), to determine if these accounted for exercise-induced hypotension and the greater blood pressure (BP) fall in PAF. Responses were compared to normal subjects (controls, n = 15), in whom BP rose with exercise. Resting plasma noradrenaline (NA) was higher in controls than SDS, and was lowest in PAF. With exercise, NA increased in controls, with a small rise in SDS, but no change in PAF. Resting plasma adrenaline (A) was higher in controls and SDS than PAF, with no change during exercise. Plasma dopamine was unrecordable at all stages in all groups. Resting plasma renin activity (PRA) was higher in controls than SDS and PAF, and was unchanged with exercise in all groups. Plasma insulin, C-peptide and serum growth hormone (GH) were similar at rest and with exercise in the three groups. Plasma glucose was higher at rest in SDS and PAF, and increased with exercise in all three groups. In conclusion, neither exercise-induced hypotension, nor the differences between SDS and PAF could be related to abnormalities in the release of A, PRA, insulin, glucose or GH. The abnormal NA response to exercise was consistent with the BP fall being due to inadequate compensatory sympathetic activity. In SDS, the small NA increase, in the presence of supersensitivity, may have reduced their BP fall as compared to PAF. These results suggest that impaired sympathetic neural activity is a key factor in exercise-induced hypotension.

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Accession: 046779915

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8899251

DOI: 10.1007/bf02556296


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