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Occurrence of Thelazia lacrymalis (Nematoda, Spirurida, Thelaziidae) in native horses in Italy


Occurrence of Thelazia lacrymalis (Nematoda, Spirurida, Thelaziidae) in native horses in Italy



Parassitologia 41(4): 545-548



ISSN/ISBN: 0048-2951

PMID: 10870558

A survey on the prevalence of Thelazia spp. in the province of Bari (Apulia region, Italy) in slaughtered native horses was conducted from June 20, 1995 to April 3, 1996. Both eyes from 409 ten-month- to 4-year-old native animals were examined. Sixty horses (14.7%) were found parasitized by Thelazia lacrymalis. Three hundred-sixty one parasite specimens (220 females, 99 males and 42 larvae) were collected with a mean count burden of 6.0-5.1 (range 1 to 20) per head. T. lacrymalis specimens were found free in the conjunctiva and behind the nictitancte, in the excretory ducts of the Harderian gland and in the ducts of the lacrimal glands. Thelazia specimens were significantly more common in horses of 3-4 years. Gross examination of all infected animals showed a follicular conjunctivitis. This is the first report of T. lacrymalis horse infection in Italy.

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Accession: 046849607

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