Ondansetron in the treatment of nausea and vomiting induced by chemotherapy. Portuguese Ondansetron Study Group

Ribiero, M.M.; de Faria, L.; dos Reis, F.; Fráguas, A.; de Matos, E.; Uva, S.; Ribeiro, I.; Brandão, A.; Ribeiro, M.; Batarda, M.

Anti-Cancer Drugs 4(Suppl 2): 23-27

1993


ISSN/ISBN: 0959-4973
PMID: 8136512
DOI: 10.1097/00001813-199312002-00004
Accession: 046863026

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Abstract
One-hundred and forty-five chemotherapy patients receiving cisplatin- and non-cisplatin-containing regimens participated in an open evaluation of ondansetron, a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, in the prophylaxis of acute and delayed nausea and vomiting. The study had two groups of patients, one receiving cisplatin-containing regimens (Group A) and the other, non-cisplatin-containing regimens (Group B). There were 51 patients recruited to Group A. Ondansetron was given to these patients at a dose of 8 mg intravenously 15 min before chemotherapy, followed by an intravenous infusion for 24 h (1 mg/h), or 8 mg intravenously 4 and 8 h after the start of cisplatin, followed by 8 mg orally three times/day for 5 days. Ninety-four patients were recruited to Group B: these patients received ondansetron at a dose of 8 mg intravenously immediately before chemotherapy or 8 mg orally 1-2 h prior to it, and 8 mg orally three times/day for 3-5 days. For acute emesis (first 24 h), complete control was achieved in 79.5% of Group A patients and in 78.1% of Group B. For delayed emesis (days 2-5), 79.7% of Group A patients and 84.6% of Group B were completely protected during the entire study period. Nausea was also well controlled with ondansetron; 83.2% (Group A) and 86.5% (Group B) reported only mild nausea or no nausea at all. Ondansetron was effective in the control of both cisplatin- and non-cisplatin-induced emesis and well tolerated without any serious drug-related adverse events.