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Opposing effects of prostaglandin E(2)and F(2 alpha) on rat liver-associated natural killer cell activity in vitro



Opposing effects of prostaglandin E(2)and F(2 alpha) on rat liver-associated natural killer cell activity in vitro



Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids 63(3): 153-158



Strain differences in cancer incidence are proposed to be due partly to differences in immune function. As potential cancer-associated immunological regulators, the concentrations of hepatic prostaglandins E(2)(PGE(2 alpha)and F(2 alpha)(PGF(2 alpha)) were compared in 9-week-old male and female F344/N and Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. There were no strain or gender differences in the concentrations of hepatic PGE(2). No strain difference was found in the concentration of hepatic PGF(2 alpha), but the hepatic PGF(2 alpha)concentration in female rats was two-fold that of the male rat (130 vs 60 ng/g). PGE(2)significantly inhibited hepatic natural-killer cell (NK) activity in vitro compared with untreated cells from both genders and strains (P<0.05), 25 ng PGE(2)/ml inhibited NK activity significantly more than did 10 ng PGE(2)/ml (P<0.05). In contrast, 50 ng PGF(2 alpha)/ml and 100 ng PGF(2 alpha)/ml significantly stimulated hepatic NK activity compared with untreated hepatic cells from both F344/N and SD rats. This study suggests that prostaglandins may have a negligible net effect on NK activity associated with rat liver, and may be unlikely to mediate cancer-related immune function.

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Accession: 046870284

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 10991773

DOI: 10.1054/plef.2000.0173


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