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Opposite effects of inhaled bradykinin and [desArg9]-bradykinin on tracheobronchial clearance in normal humans



Opposite effects of inhaled bradykinin and [desArg9]-bradykinin on tracheobronchial clearance in normal humans



Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease 51(2): 112-116



Kinins may affect lung mucociliary clearance in man by interacting with specific surface receptors designated B1 and B2. To evaluate this possibility, we have compared the effect of inhaled bradykinin and [desArg9]-bradykinin on mucociliary clearance in healthy volunteers. Four subjects attended the laboratory on three separate occasions to undertake tracheobronchial clearance studies, by a noninvasive radioisotopic technique, followed by inhalation with either bradykinin (8 mg.mL-1), [desArg9]-bradykinin (8 mg.mL-1), or vehicle placebo 30 min after radioaerosol inhalation. Half-hourly whole lung counts were measured for 6 h with two collimated scintillation counters and a tracheobronchial clearance curve was plotted for each subject on each occasion. In all the subjects studied, mucociliary clearance, expressed as the area under the tracheobronchial radioaerosol retention curve calculated for the first 6 h (AUCo-6h) was enhanced after inhaling bradykinin and prolonged following exposure with [desArg9]-bradykinin when compared to placebo. The median values (range) for AUCo-6h were significantly reduced from 123 (83-152)%.h to 92 (51-133)%.h with placebo and bradykinin, respectively, and significantly augmented to 269 (144-331)%.h after exposure with [desArg9]-bradykinin. This small study suggests that acute exposure with inhaled bradykinin accelerates, whilst [desArg9]-bradykinin delays, tracheobronchial clearance in normal human airways.

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Accession: 046870407

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PMID: 8680375


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