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Opposite regulation by glucocorticoids of the alpha 1B- and alpha 2A-adrenoreceptor mRNA levels in rat cultured anterior hypothalamic slices

Opposite regulation by glucocorticoids of the alpha 1B- and alpha 2A-adrenoreceptor mRNA levels in rat cultured anterior hypothalamic slices

Neuroscience Letters 271(2): 121-125

In this study we investigated whether the expression of alpha1B- and alpha2A-adrenoreceptor mRNAs is differently modulated by glucocorticoids in rat cultured anterior hypothalamus slices. Using a semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay, the level of the alpha1B-adrenoreceptor mRNA was significantly reduced in slices cultured in steroid free-medium when compared with that measured in standard medium (i.e. containing basal adrenosteroid plasma concentrations). In contrast, the expression of the alpha2A-adrenoreceptor mRNA was markedly increased. Finally, the ratio of alpha1B- versus alpha2A-mRNA levels was about 1.7 and 0.7 in standard and steroid-free medium, respectively. These responses were completely reversed by supplementation with corticosterone. These findings provide the first evidence that in vitro glucocorticoids may regulate, in an opposite manner, the expression of the alpha1B-and alpha2A-adrenoreceptor mRNAs in the hypothalamus. This kind of regulation could be related to steroid-dependent changes in the noradrenergic control of neuroendocrine secretions.

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Accession: 046870471

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PMID: 10477117

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