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Optic nerve head circulation after topical calcium channel blocker



Optic nerve head circulation after topical calcium channel blocker



Journal of Glaucoma 5(3): 200-206



Our purpose was to investigate the effects of the calcium channel blocker verapamil on intraocular pressure and blood circulation in the human optic nerve head. The effects of three different concentrations of topical verapamil (0.063%, 0.125%, and 0.25%) on intraocular pressure and optic nerve head capillary blood speed were measured in 12 healthy normal subjects. In a randomized, double-masked design, each subject received one drop of either verapamil or placebo in one eye and the opposite treatment in the fellow eye. Anterior optic nerve circulation was assessed at baseline and 90 min after instillation of the drops using the laser Doppler technique. The intraocular pressure was significantly reduced compared with baseline in both verapamil- and placebo-treated eyes at each concentration. The reductions of intraocular pressure were greater in verapamil-treated eyes (12-17%) than in placebo-treated eyes (9-12%). No systemic effect on heart rate or blood pressure was detected after administration of topical verapamil. The capillary blood speed in the optic nerve head was increased in both verapamil- and placebo-treated eyes at each concentration, although the only statistically significant increases were with the 0.25% concentration. The mean +/- SEM increase compared with baseline at the 0.25% concentration was 10.4 +/- 3.6% in verapamil-treated eyes (p = 0.017), and 11.6 +/- 4.4% in placebo-treated eyes (p = 0.026). These results indicate that topical administration of verapamil lowers the intraocular pressure and increases the capillary blood speed in the optic nerve head in normal subjects. Changes measured in verapamil-treated eyes were also observed in placebo-treated eyes, indicating a crossover effect.

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Accession: 046870776

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8795760

DOI: 10.1097/00061198-199606000-00010


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