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Optic nerve morphometry following axonal degeneration from SAIDS in rhesus monkeys

Optic nerve morphometry following axonal degeneration from SAIDS in rhesus monkeys

Current Eye Research 13(8): 619-623

In order to further study AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) related neuropathologic findings, specifically progressive diffuse leuko-encephalopathy (PDL) and optic neuropathy, ten macaque monkeys (Macaca mulatta) were infected with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), observed for varying periods, and then sacrificed and tissue prepared for analysis. A marked difference from human AIDS pathology was found: in all monkeys, there was significant peripheral axonal dropout, as opposed to relatively little dropout in the central areas of the nerves (t stat. = -5.9, p < .001). In those monkeys infected with SIV for over one year, the axonal loss in the periphery was also greater than in the central optic nerve (t stat. = -5.03, p < .001); monkeys infected with SIV for less than one year had slightly less peripheral than central loss (t stat. = -4.5, p = .001). When compared with humans, however, it was found that the overall loss of axons was less (15% in monkeys vs. up to 45% in humans). There was also a lack of discernible retinal pathology, such as cotton wool spots, in the monkey tissue.

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Accession: 046870806

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 7956315

DOI: 10.3109/02713689408999896

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