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Performance of human mass balance/metabolite identification studies using stable isotope (13C, 15N) labeling and continuous-flow isotope-ratio mass spectrometry as an alternative to radioactive labeling methods



Performance of human mass balance/metabolite identification studies using stable isotope (13C, 15N) labeling and continuous-flow isotope-ratio mass spectrometry as an alternative to radioactive labeling methods



Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 33(3): 246-252



Stable isotope labeling in therapeutic and subtherapeutic quantities of drug (15N2(13)C-phenobarbital) can be quantitated in biological matrices (urine) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) peaks from urine using continuous-flow isotope-ratio mass spectrometry (CF-IRMS). Standard curves for 15N2(13)C-phenobarbital were reproducible and linear (R2 > 0.985) over the ranges of 3-100 micrograms/ml for whole urine (15N2 or 13C labeling) and 0.1-8.0 micrograms/mL for HPLC peaks derived from urine (15N2 labeling). The lower limit of quantitation values for urine drug concentration was 0.46-2.62 micrograms/mL in whole urine and 0.10-0.70 micrograms/mL in HPLC peaks. Validation samples quantitated with these standard curves yielded close to expected values. These data suggest stable isotope labeling and CF-IRMS may be used as an alternative to 14C labeling and radioactivity counting methods in mass balance/metabolite identification and other biomedical studies.

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Accession: 046949244

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PMID: 8463438


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