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Phasic coronary flow characteristics in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: a study by coronary Doppler catheter



Phasic coronary flow characteristics in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: a study by coronary Doppler catheter



Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography 7(1): 9-19



Abnormal patterns of coronary flow velocity have been observed in patients with symmetric left ventricular hypertrophy in conditions such as aortic stenosis and systemic hypertension. However, phasic coronary flow characteristics have not been investigated in patients with asymmetric left ventricular hypertrophy in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The purpose of this study was to assess phasic coronary flow characteristics and their relation to echocardiographic and hemodynamic parameters in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Coronary flow velocity was recorded in the left anterior descending artery with a 20 MHz Doppler catheter in eight patients with hypertrophic nonobstructive cardiomyopathy and eight control subjects with normal coronary arteries. Flow reversals observed in systole in all patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and the time velocity integrals of systolic flow were significantly smaller in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy than in control subjects (-1.5 +/- 1.7 versus 4.3 +/- 1.2 cm; p < 0.01). The time from the beginning of diastole to peak diastolic velocity corrected by the square root of R-R interval (square root of RR) was prolonged significantly, and the velocity half-time from peak diastolic velocity corrected by square root of RR was shorter in the patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy compared with those in the control subjects (6.8 +/- 2.0 msec versus 4.0 +/- 0.6 msec [p < 0.01] and 9.2 +/- 4.9 msec versus 13.9 +/- 2.0 msec [p < 0.05], respectively). Peak velocity and time velocity integral of flow reversal showed significant correlations with anterior ventricular septal thickness (y = -0.5x + 13.5, r = 0.8, and p < 0.01; y = -1.3 +/- 16.8, r = 0.8, and p = 0.024, respectively), the septal/free wall thickness ratio (y = -0.1x + 1.1, r = 0.8, and p < 0.01; y = -0.2x + 1.4, r = 0.9, and p < 0.01, respectively), and the degree of narrowing of the first septal perforator arteries (y = 1.9x + 91.6, r = 0.8, and p = 0.012; y = 6.1x + 80.6, r = 0.9, and p < 0.01, respectively). In conclusion, flow reversal in systole and slow acceleration and rapid deceleration in diastole were characteristics in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Flow reversal might be related to the degree of left ventricular asymmetry and compression of the septal perforator arteries.

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Accession: 046973011

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8155342

DOI: 10.1016/s0894-7317(14)80413-6


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