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Phencyclidine and dizocilpine modulate dopamine release from rat nucleus accumbens via sigma receptors



Phencyclidine and dizocilpine modulate dopamine release from rat nucleus accumbens via sigma receptors



European Journal of Pharmacology 386(2-3): 145-153



Phencyclidine (PCP) binds to many sites in brain, including PCP receptors located within the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-operated cation channel and sigma (sigma) receptors. In this study, we compare mechanisms by which PCP, dizocilpine (MK-801), the prototypical sigma receptor agonist (+)-pentazocine, and the proposed endogenous sigma receptor ligand neuropeptide Y regulate potassium (K(+))-stimulated [3H]dopamine release from slices of rat nucleus accumbens. (+)-Pentazocine inhibits K(+)-stimulated [3H]dopamine release, and neuropeptide Y enhances it. Both effects are blocked by sigma(1) and neuropeptide Y receptor antagonists, suggesting possible inverse agonism at a subpopulation of sigma/neuropeptide Y receptors. In contrast, PCP and MK-801 both enhance K(+)-stimulated [3H]dopamine release via sigma(1) and sigma(2) receptor subtypes, as demonstrated by antagonist sensitivity. Regulation of release by both (+)-pentazocine and neuropeptide Y persists in the presence of tetrodotoxin suggests that the sigma/neuropeptide Y receptors mediating the modulation are located presynaptically on dopaminergic nerve terminals, but tetrodotoxin eliminates regulation by PCP and MK-801, suggesting that receptors mediating their effects are located upstream from dopaminergic nerve terminals.

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Accession: 046973108

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PMID: 10618464


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