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Phenomenon of intrinsic rhythm of luteinizing hormone release from isolated anterior pituitary gland of female rat



Phenomenon of intrinsic rhythm of luteinizing hormone release from isolated anterior pituitary gland of female rat



Sheng Li Xue Bao 49(6): 649-656



The intrinsic nature of rthymic release of luteinizing hormone (LH) of isolated human and rat anterior pituitary gland reported independently by Macro Gambacciani and Xie in 1987 can be more directly demonstrated by a computer programme of Time Series-HSY Hidden Periodic Analytic Approach for continuous monitoring the LH output of the perfusate from a perfusion system with in vitro anterior pituitary of SD female rat. The results are as follows: (1) Under various reproductive conditions the average frequency (min/cycle) and amplitude (ng/ml) of the intrinsic rhythm of LH release were quite different: In proestrous group the frequency and amplitude were the highest, being intermediate in the ovariectomized group and lowest in the lactation group. (2) The intrinsic rhythm of LH release could be changed by either peptide or steroid hormones. In proestrous group with 30 min of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), stimulation would reduce both frequency and amplitude. In case of lactation, the frequency was unchanged, but amplitude lowered, while in the ovariectomized rat pituitary, the 30 min GnRH stimulation decreased the frequency of release only. The intrinsic rhythm of the LH release could also be influenced by steriod hormones (Ru486 and Anordrin). With 120 min before removal of the anterior pituitary gland the rats receiving i.m. injection of Ru486 (2 mg/kg bw) or Anordrin (2 mg/kg), the results showed that Ru486 decreased frequency, while Anordrin decreased only the frequency to a less extent, both without amplitude affected. (3) Verapamil and EGTA added to the perfusion system did not abolish but only decreased the rhythmic phenomenon by using proestrous pitutary. This suggests that participation of Ca2+ may take place in the intrinsic release of LH. The above results indicated that the intrinsic rhythm of LH release of isolated anterior pituitary gland is different from various reproductive hormonal conditions and capable of being modified by exogenous hormones. The physiological function of the intrinsic rhythm of LH release of anterior pituitary gland remains to be elucidated.

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Accession: 046973585

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PMID: 9863187


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