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Phenotype of mast cells in the brain tumor. Capillary hemangioblastoma

Phenotype of mast cells in the brain tumor. Capillary hemangioblastoma

Folia Neuropathologica 37(3): 138-142

Mast cells (MC) are heterogenous cell population. In normal human brain they are not numerous. Increases in number of mast cells within CNS occur in certain disease states including neoplasms. In capillary hemangioblastoma several authors reported mast cells as a fourth cell type of the tumor. The aim of the present study was to examine phenotype and distribution of MC in cerebellar capillary hemangioblastoma by means of specific immunological markers. Study was performed on the tumor of ten affected individuals. Tumor specimens of seven cases were fixed in formalin and embedded in paraffin wax. Additional three tumours were fresh-frozen samples. Mast cells were identified with two monoclonal antibodies generated against tryptase and chymase. In all capillary hemangioblastomas mast cells were numerous exclusively in the tumor mass and only occasionally found in adjacent or far from the tumor located areas of the cerebellum. The cells contained tryptase and chymase. At periphery of hemangioblastomas some mast cells underwent degeneration and calcification. Our results confirm previous observations that mast cells are numerous in the capillary hemangioblastoma and show that most of these cells are tryptase/chymase phenotype (MCTC).

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Accession: 046973689

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PMID: 10581846

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