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Phenotypic analysis of Meltrin alpha (ADAM12)-deficient mice: involvement of Meltrin alpha in adipogenesis and myogenesis

Phenotypic analysis of Meltrin alpha (ADAM12)-deficient mice: involvement of Meltrin alpha in adipogenesis and myogenesis

Molecular and Cellular Biology 23(1): 55-61

Meltrin alpha (ADAM12) is a metalloprotease-disintegrin whose specific expression patterns during development suggest that it is involved in myogenesis and the development of other organs. To determine the roles Meltrin alpha plays in vivo, we generated Meltrin alpha-deficient mice by gene targeting. Although the number of homozygous embryos are close to the expected Mendelian ratio at embryonic days 17 to 18, ca. 30% of the null pups born die before weaning, mostly within 1 week of birth. The viable homozygous mutants appear normal and are fertile. Most of the muscles in the homozygous mutants appear normal, and regeneration in experimentally damaged skeletal muscle is unimpeded. In some Meltrin alpha-deficient pups, the interscapular brown adipose tissue is reduced, although the penetrance of this phenotype is low. Impaired formation of the neck and interscapular muscles is also seen in some homozygotes. These observations suggest Meltrin alpha may be involved in regulating adipogenesis and myogenesis through a linked developmental pathway. Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is a candidate substrate of Meltrin alpha, and we found that TPA (12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate)-induced ectodomain shedding of HB-EGF is markedly reduced in embryonic fibroblasts prepared from Meltrin alpha-deficient mice. We also report here the chromosomal locations of Meltrin alpha in the mouse and rat.

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Accession: 046973785

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PMID: 12482960

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